Two vibrio cholerae bacteriaCholera is an infection of the small intestine caused  bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
The classic symptom is large amounts of watery diarrhea that lasts a few days.
Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease easy to treat but it can kill within hours if left untreated.
80% of all infected persons are not developing any symptoms. 16% developing mild to moderate symptoms. 4% develop acute watery diarrhoea with severe dehydration.


Cholera is transmitted through consumption of contaminated water or food.


During infection, Vibrio cholerae secretes cholera toxin, a protein that causes the diarrhoea.


A rapid dipstick test is available to determine the presence of Vibrio cholerae. If this test is positive further laboratory tests are done.


Continued eating speeds the recovery of normal intestinal function. In most cases cholera can be successfully treated with oral rehydration therapy which is highly effective and safe. Only in cases of severe dehydration additional antibiotica is given.


Water purification and propper hygenic standards in food processing.


Chlorine dioxide is one of the most effective reagents for purifying water. Beside this it is also an excelent disinfectant for cleaning and disinfecting kitchen utilities, processing premisies and machinery. Chlorine dioxide does not have any influence on the taste of food. It is widely used in food processing industry to disinfect fruits, vegetables and meat products. A positive sidefect of disinfecting food: Disinfecting extends the shelf time.
In healthcare facilities TwinOxide is a effective treatment for sewage water from departments where cholera patients and suspects are treated to minimise the risk of respreading the disease. Chlorine dioxide is a WHO recommended agent to disinfect medical waste.

Mazingira Technologies

Beside TwinOxide as a easy to use chlorine dioxide delivery system we also provide dosing systems to ensure a constant and efficient water disinfection.
If drinking water, process water or sewage water Mazingira Technologies can provide a fitting chlorine dioxide or filtration system.
Our sevage treatment systems are also minimizing the risk contaminated water is released into the environment.